Diatoms are generally associated to turbulent environments but the real adaptations to the specific characteristics of these complex environments are still not well understood. The availability of global-scale environmental, morphological and genomic data bases (TARA OCEANS) will allow to describe the distribution and diversity of diatoms in relationship with the local physical forcings (wind stress, buoyancy losses, lateral advection etc). In Tara Oceans, the SZN team, a highly multidisciplinary group that combines physical oceanography with bioinformatics and diatom biology, will deal principally with some aspects of plankton diversity:
- small-scale biophysical coupling (mostly turbulence in the upper ocean boundary layer);
- large scale physical transport and geography of diversity;
- the role of life cycles in setting the diversity in selected phyto-planktonic species;
- geographical distribution of selected diatom and copepod groups. The work will be done within the collaborative framework of the TARA OCEANS community.
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