EMBL Heidelberg, Meyerhofstraße 1, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany

Biography

  • PhD 1985, Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
    Postdoctoral research at Harvard University and Whitehead Institute, MIT, Cambridge, Massachusetts.
    Group leader at EMBL since 1992.
    Head of EICAT since 2005.
    Head of Unit since 2007.

Publications

Total: 90 publication(s)

2019

Durdevic Z, Ephrussi A. (2019)

Germ cell lineage homeostasis in Drosophila requires the Vasa RNA helicase.

Genetics doi: 10.1534/genetics.119.302558
Europe PMC | doi

Wippich F, Ephrussi A. (2019)

Transcript specific mRNP capture from Drosophila egg-chambers for proteomic analysis.

Methods doi: 10.1016/j.ymeth.2019.09.001
Europe PMC | doi

Obrdlik A, Lin G, Haberman N, Ule J, Ephrussi A. (2019)

The transcriptome-wide landscape and modalities of EJC binding in adult Drosophila.

Cell Rep 28(5):1219-1236.e11. doi: 10.1016/j.celrep.2019.06.088
Europe PMC | doi

Heber S, Gáspár I, Tants JN, Günther J, Moya SMF, Janowski R, Ephrussi A, Sattler M, Niessing D. (2019)

Staufen2-mediated RNA recognition and localization requires combinatorial action of multiple domains.

Nat Commun 10(1) doi: 10.1038/s41467-019-09655-3
Europe PMC | doi


2018

Obrdlik A, Lin G, Haberman N, Ule J, Ephrussi A. (2018)

The transcriptome-wide landscape and modalities of EJC binding in adult Drosophila.

bioRxiv doi: 10.1101/459354
doi

Durdevic Z, Pillai RS, Ephrussi A. (2018)

Transposon silencing in the Drosophila female germline is essential for genome stability in progeny embryos.

Life science alliance 1(5) doi: 10.26508/lsa.201800179
Europe PMC | doi

Durdevic Z, Pillai RS, Ephrussi A. (2018)

Transposon silencing in the Drosophila female germline ensures genome stability in progeny embryos.

bioRxiv doi: 10.1101/363028
doi

Gaspar I, Hövelmann F, Chamiolo J, Ephrussi A, Seitz O. (2018)

Quantitative mRNA imaging with dual channel qFIT probes to monitor distribution and degree of hybridization.

ACS Chem Biol 13(3):742-749. doi: 10.1021/acschembio.7b01007
Europe PMC | doi

Gaspar I, Wippich F, Ephrussi A. (2018)

Terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase mediated production of labeled probes for single-molecule FISH or RNA capture.

Bio Protoc 8(5) doi: 10.21769/BioProtoc.2750
doi

Chamiolo J, Gaspar I, Ephrussi A, Seitz O. (2018)

In vivo visualization and function probing of transport mRNPs using injected FIT probes.

Methods Mol Biol 1649:273-287. doi: 10.1007/978-1-4939-7213-5_18
Europe PMC | doi


2017

Gaspar I, Wippich F, Ephrussi A. (2017)

Enzymatic production of single molecule FISH and RNA capture probes.

RNA 23(10):1582-1591. doi: 10.1261/rna.061184.117
Europe PMC | doi

Gáspár I, Ephrussi A. (2017)

RNA localization feeds translation.

Science 357(6357):1235-1236. doi: 10.1126/science.aao5796
Europe PMC | doi

Gáspár I, Ephrussi A. (2017)

Ex vivo ooplasmic extract from developing Drosophila oocytes for quantitative TIRF microscopy analysis.

Bio Protoc 7(13):e2380. doi: 10.21769/BioProtoc.2380
Europe PMC | doi

Jeske M, Müller CW, Ephrussi A. (2017)

The LOTUS domain is a conserved DEAD-box RNA helicase regulator essential for the recruitment of Vasa to the germ plasm and nuage.

Genes Dev 31(9) doi: 10.1101/gad.297051.117
Europe PMC | doi

Gaspar I, Wippich F, Ephrussi A. (2017)

Enzymatic production of single molecule FISH and RNA capture probes.

bioRxivorg doi: 10.1101/107599
doi

Gáspár I, Sysoev V, Komissarov A, Ephrussi A. (2017)

An RNA-binding atypical tropomyosin recruits kinesin-1 dynamically to oskar mRNPs.

EMBO J 36(3):319-333. doi: 10.15252/embj.201696038
Europe PMC | doi


2016

Sysoev VO, Fischer B, Frese CK, Gupta I, Krijgsveld J, Hentze MW, Castello A, Ephrussi A. (2016)

Global changes of the RNA-bound proteome during the maternal-to-zygotic transition in Drosophila.

Nat Commun 7:12128. doi: 10.1038/ncomms12128
Europe PMC | doi

Halstead JM, Wilbertz JH, Wippich F, Lionnet T, Ephrussi A, Chao JA. (2016)

TRICK: a single-molecule method for imaging the first round of translation in living cells and animals.

Methods in Enzymology 572:123-157. doi: 10.1016/bs.mie.2016.02.027
Europe PMC | doi

Sampath K, Ephrussi A. (2016)

CncRNAs: RNAs with both coding and non-coding roles in development.

Development 143(8):1234-1241. doi: 10.1242/dev.133298
Europe PMC | doi

Hoevelmann F, Gaspar I, Chamiolo J, Kasper M, Steffen J, Ephrussi A, Seitz O. (2016)

LNA-enhanced DNA FIT-probes for multicolour RNA imaging.

Chem Sci 7(1):128-135. doi: 10.1039/c5sc03053f
Europe PMC | doi


2015

Jeske M, Bordi M, Glatt S, Müller S, Rybin V, Müller CW, Ephrussi A. (2015)

The crystal structure of the Drosophila germline inducer oskar identifies two domains with distinct Vasa helicase- and RNA-binding activities.

Cell Rep 12(4):1-12. doi: 10.1016/j.celrep.2015.06.055
Europe PMC | doi

Simon B, Masiewicz P, Ephrussi A, Carlomagno T. (2015)

The structure of the SOLE element of oskar mRNA.

RNA 21(8) doi: 10.1261/rna.049601.115
Europe PMC | doi

Kanke M, Jambor H, Reich J, Marches B, Gstir R, Ryu YH, Ephrussi A, Macdonald PM. (2015)

Oskar RNA plays multiple noncoding roles to support oogenesis and maintain integrity of the germline/soma distinction.

RNA 21(6) doi: 10.1261/rna.048298.114
Europe PMC | doi

Medioni C, Ephrussi A, Besse F. (2015)

Live imaging of axonal transport in Drosophila pupal brain explants.

Nat Protoc 10(4):574-584. doi: 10.1038/nprot.2015.034
Europe PMC | doi

Halstead JM, Lionnet T, Wilbertz JH, Wippich F, Ephrussi A, Singer RH, Chao JA. (2015)

Translation. An RNA biosensor for imaging the first round of translation from single cells to living animals.

Science 347(6228):1367-1671. doi: 10.1126/science.aaa3380
Europe PMC | doi

Gaspar I, Ephrussi A. (2015)

Strength in numbers: quantitative single-molecule RNA detection assays.

Wiley Interdiscip Rev Dev Biol 4(2):135-150. doi: 10.1002/wdev.170
Europe PMC | doi


2014

Hövelmann F, Gaspar I, Loibl S, Ermilov EA, Röder B, Wengel J, Ephrussi A, Seitz O. (2014)

Brightness through local constraint-LNA-enhanced FIT hybridization probes for in vivo ribonucleotide particle tracking.

Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 53(42):11370-11375. doi: 10.1002/anie.201406022
Europe PMC | doi

Bassett AR, Akhtar A, Barlow DP, Bird AP, Brockdorff N, Duboule D, Ephrussi A, Ferguson-Smith AC, Gingeras TR, Haerty W, Higgs DR, Miska EA, Ponting CP. (2014)

Considerations when investigating lncRNA function in vivo.

Elife (Cambridge) 3:e03058. doi: 10.7554/elife.03058
Europe PMC | doi

Gaspar I, Yu YV, Cotton SL, Kim DH, Ephrussi A, Welte MA. (2014)

Klar ensures thermal robustness of oskar localization by restraining RNP motility.

J. Cell Biol. 206(2):199-215. doi: 10.1083/jcb.201310010
Europe PMC | doi

Ghosh S, Obrdlik A, Marchand V, Ephrussi A. (2014)

The EJC binding and dissociating activity of PYM is regulated in Drosophila.

PLoS Genet. 10(6):e1004455. doi: 10.1371/journal.pgen.1004455
Europe PMC | doi

Xiol J, Spinelli P, Laussmann MA, Homolka D, Yang Z, Cora E, Couté Y, Conn S, Kadlec J, Sachidanandam R, Kaksonen M, Cusack S, Ephrussi A, Pillai RS. (2014)

RNA clamping by vasa assembles a piRNA amplifier complex on transposon transcripts.

Cell 157(7):1698-1711. doi: 10.1016/j.cell.2014.05.018
Europe PMC | doi

Jambor H, Mueller S, Bullock SL, Ephrussi A. (2014)

A stem-loop structure directs oskar mRNA to microtubule minus ends.

RNA 20(4):429-439. doi: 10.1261/rna.041566.113
Europe PMC | doi

Medioni C, Ramialison M, Ephrussi A, Besse F. (2014)

Imp promotes axonal remodeling by regulating profilin mRNA during brain development.

Curr. Biol. 24(7):793-800. doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2014.02.038
Europe PMC | doi


2013

Hövelmann F, Gaspar I, Ephrussi A, Seitz O. (2013)

Brightness enhanced DNA FIT-probes for wash-free RNA imaging in tissue.

J. Am. Chem. Soc. 135(50):19025-19032. doi: 10.1021/ja410674h
Europe PMC | doi

Telley IA, Gáspár I, Ephrussi A, Surrey T. (2013)

A single Drosophila embryo extract for the study of mitosis ex vivo.

Nat Protoc 8(2):310-324. doi: 10.1038/nprot.2013.003
Europe PMC | doi

Leibfried A, Müller S, Ephrussi A. (2013)

A Cdc42-regulated actin cytoskeleton mediates Drosophila oocyte polarization.

Development 140(2):362-371. doi: 10.1242/dev.089250
Europe PMC | doi


2012

Telley IA, Gáspár I, Ephrussi A, Surrey T. (2012)

Aster migration determines the length scale of nuclear separation in the Drosophila syncytial embryo.

J. Cell Biol. 197(7):887-895. doi: 10.1083/jcb.201204019
Europe PMC | doi

Ghosh S, Marchand V, Gáspár I, Ephrussi A. (2012)

Control of RNP motility and localization by a splicing-dependent structure in oskar mRNA.

Nat. Struct. Mol. Biol. 19(4):441-449. doi: 10.1038/nsmb.2257
Europe PMC | doi

Marchand V, Gaspar I, Ephrussi A. (2012)

An intracellular transmission control protocol: assembly and transport of ribonucleoprotein complexes.

Curr. Opin. Cell Biol. 24(2):202-210. doi: 10.1016/j.ceb.2011.12.014
Europe PMC | doi


2011

Jambor H, Brunel C, Ephrussi A. (2011)

Dimerization of oskar 3' UTRs promotes hitchhiking for RNA localization in the Drosophila oocyte.

RNA 17(12):2049-2057. doi: 10.1261/rna.2686411
Europe PMC | doi

Fan SJ, Marchand V, Ephrussi A. (2011)

Drosophila Ge-1 promotes P body formation and oskar mRNA localization.

PLoS ONE 6(5):e20612. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0020612
Europe PMC | doi


2010

Trucco A, Gaspar I, Ephrussi A. (2010)

Retraction notice to: assembly of endogenous oskar mRNA particles for motor-dependent transport in the Drosophila oocyte.

Cell 143(3) doi: 10.1016/j.cell.2010.10.011
Europe PMC | doi


2009

Trucco A, Gaspar I, Ephrussi A. (2009)

Assembly of endogenous oskar mRNA particles for motor-dependent transport in the Drosophila oocyte.

Cell 139(5):983-998. doi: 10.1016/j.cell.2009.10.012
Europe PMC | doi

Krauss J, López de Quinto S, Nüsslein-Volhard C, Ephrussi A. (2009)

Myosin-V regulates oskar mRNA localization in the Drosophila oocyte.

Curr. Biol. 19(12):1058-1063. doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2009.04.062
Europe PMC | doi

Martin KC, Ephrussi A. (2009)

mRNA localization: gene expression in the spatial dimension.

Cell 136(4):719-730. doi: 10.1016/j.cell.2009.01.044
Europe PMC | doi

Besse F, López de Quinto S, Marchand V, Trucco A, Ephrussi A. (2009)

Drosophila PTB promotes formation of high-order RNP particles and represses oskar translation.

Genes Dev. 23(2):195-207. doi: 10.1101/gad.505709
Europe PMC | doi

Suyama R, Jenny A, Curado S, Pellis-van Berkel W, Ephrussi A. (2009)

The actin-binding protein Lasp promotes Oskar accumulation at the posterior pole of the Drosophila embryo.

Development 136(1):95-105. doi: 10.1242/dev.027698
Europe PMC | doi


2008

Besse F, Ephrussi A. (2008)

Translational control of localized mRNAs: restricting protein synthesis in space and time.

Nat. Rev. Mol. Cell Biol. 9(12):971-980. doi: 10.1038/nrm2548
Europe PMC | doi

Sung HH, Telley IA, Papadaki P, Ephrussi A, Surrey T, Rørth P. (2008)

Drosophila ensconsin promotes productive recruitment of Kinesin-1 to microtubules.

Dev. Cell 15(6):866-876. doi: 10.1016/j.devcel.2008.10.006
Europe PMC | doi


2007

Besse F, Mertel S, Kittel RJ, Wichmann C, Rasse TM, Sigrist SJ, Ephrussi A. (2007)

The Ig cell adhesion molecule Basigin controls compartmentalization and vesicle release at Drosophila melanogaster synapses.

J. Cell Biol. 177(5):843-855. doi: 10.1083/jcb.200701111
Europe PMC | doi

Coutelis JB, Ephrussi A. (2007)

Rab6 mediates membrane organization and determinant localization during Drosophila oogenesis.

Development 134(7):1419-1430. doi: 10.1242/dev.02821
Europe PMC | doi

Vanzo N, Oprins A, Xanthakis D, Ephrussi A, Rabouille C. (2007)

Stimulation of endocytosis and actin dynamics by Oskar polarizes the Drosophila oocyte.

Dev. Cell 12(4):543-555. doi: 10.1016/j.devcel.2007.03.002
Europe PMC | doi

Anne J, Ollo R, Ephrussi A, Mechler BM. (2007)

Arginine methyltransferase Capsuleen is essential for methylation of spliceosomal Sm proteins and germ cell formation in Drosophila.

Development 134(1):137-146. doi: 10.1242/dev.02687
Europe PMC | doi


2006

Jenny A, Hachet O, Závorszky P, Cyrklaff A, Weston MD, Johnston DS, Erdélyi M, Ephrussi A. (2006)

A translation-independent role of oskar RNA in early Drosophila oogenesis.

Development 133(15):2827-2833. doi: 10.1242/dev.02456
Europe PMC | doi

Chekulaeva M, Hentze MW, Ephrussi A. (2006)

Bruno acts as a dual repressor of oskar translation, promoting mRNA oligomerization and formation of silencing particles.

Cell 124(3):521-533. doi: 10.1016/j.cell.2006.01.031
Europe PMC | doi


2005

Staudt N, Molitor A, Somogyi K, Mata J, Curado S, Eulenberg K, Meise M, Siegmund T, Häder T, Hilfiker A, Brönner G, Ephrussi A, Rørth P, Cohen SM, Fellert S, Chung HR, Piepenburg O, Schäfer U, Jäckle H, Vorbrüggen G. (2005)

Gain-of-function screen for genes that affect Drosophila muscle pattern formation.

PLoS Genet. 1(4):e55. doi: 10.1371/journal.pgen.0010055
Europe PMC | doi

Vaccari T, Rabouille C, Ephrussi A. (2005)

The Drosophila PAR-1 spacer domain is required for lateral membrane association and for polarization of follicular epithelial cells.

Curr. Biol. 15(3):255-261. doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2005.01.033
Europe PMC | doi


2004

Riechmann V, Ephrussi A. (2004)

Par-1 regulates bicoid mRNA localisation by phosphorylating Exuperantia.

Development 131(23):5897-5907. doi: 10.1242/dev.01515
Europe PMC | doi

Chekulaeva M, Ephrussi A. (2004)

Drosophila development: RNA interference ab ovo.

Curr. Biol. 14(11):R428-30. doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2004.05.036
Europe PMC | doi

Yano T, López de Quinto S, Matsui Y, Shevchenko A, Shevchenko A, Ephrussi A. (2004)

Hrp48, a Drosophila hnRNPA/B homolog, binds and regulates translation of oskar mRNA.

Dev. Cell 6(5):637-648. doi: 10.1016/s1534-5807(04)00132-7
Europe PMC | doi

Hachet O, Ephrussi A. (2004)

Splicing of oskar RNA in the nucleus is coupled to its cytoplasmic localization.

Nature 428(6986):959-963. doi: 10.1038/nature02521
Europe PMC | doi

Yoshida S, Müller HA, Wodarz A, Ephrussi A. (2004)

PKA-R1 spatially restricts Oskar expression for Drosophila embryonic patterning.

Development 131(6):1401-1410. doi: 10.1242/dev.01034
Europe PMC | doi

Ephrussi A, St Johnston D. (2004)

Seeing is believing: the bicoid morphogen gradient matures.

Cell 116(2):143-152. doi: 10.1016/s0092-8674(04)00037-6
Europe PMC | doi


2003

Teixeira L, Rabouille C, Rørth P, Ephrussi A, Vanzo NF. (2003)

Drosophila Perilipin/ADRP homologue Lsd2 regulates lipid metabolism.

Mech. Dev. 120(9):1071-1081. doi: 10.1016/s0925-4773(03)00158-8
Europe PMC | doi

Castagnetti S, Ephrussi A. (2003)

Orb and a long poly(A) tail are required for efficient oskar translation at the posterior pole of the Drosophila oocyte.

Development 130(5):835-843. doi: 10.1242/dev.00309
Europe PMC | doi

Filardo P, Ephrussi A. (2003)

Bruno regulates gurken during Drosophila oogenesis.

Mech. Dev. 120(3):289-297. doi: 10.1016/s0925-4773(02)00454-9
Europe PMC | doi


2002

Vaccari T, Ephrussi A. (2002)

The fusome and microtubules enrich Par-1 in the oocyte, where it effects polarization in conjunction with Par-3, BicD, Egl, and dynein.

Curr. Biol. 12(17):1524-1528. doi: 10.1016/s0960-9822(02)01079-5
Europe PMC | doi

Vanzo NF, Ephrussi A. (2002)

Oskar anchoring restricts pole plasm formation to the posterior of the Drosophila oocyte.

Development 129(15):3705-3714.
Europe PMC

Riechmann V, Gutierrez GJ, Filardo P, Nebreda AR, Ephrussi A. (2002)

Par-1 regulates stability of the posterior determinant Oskar by phosphorylation.

Nat. Cell Biol. 4(5):337-342. doi: 10.1038/ncb782
Europe PMC | doi

Tazuke SI, Schulz C, Gilboa L, Fogarty M, Mahowald AP, Guichet A, Ephrussi A, Wood CG, Lehmann R, Fuller MT. (2002)

A germline-specific gap junction protein required for survival of differentiating early germ cells.

Development 129(10):2529-2539.
Europe PMC


2001

Hachet O, Ephrussi A. (2001)

Drosophila Y14 shuttles to the posterior of the oocyte and is required for oskar mRNA transport.

Curr. Biol. 11(21):1666-1674. doi: 10.1016/s0960-9822(01)00508-5
Europe PMC | doi

Riechmann V, Ephrussi A. (2001)

Axis formation during Drosophila oogenesis.

Curr. Opin. Genet. Dev. 11(4):374-383. doi: 10.1016/s0959-437x(00)00207-0
Europe PMC | doi


2000

Tomancak P, Piano F, Riechmann V, Gunsalus KC, Kemphues KJ, Ephrussi A. (2000)

A Drosophila melanogaster homologue of Caenorhabditis elegans par-1 acts at an early step in embryonic-axis formation.

Nat. Cell Biol. 2(7):458-460. doi: 10.1038/35017101
Europe PMC | doi

Mata J, Curado S, Ephrussi A, Rørth P. (2000)

Tribbles coordinates mitosis and morphogenesis in Drosophila by regulating string/CDC25 proteolysis.

Cell 101(5):511-522. doi: 10.1016/s0092-8674(00)80861-2
Europe PMC | doi

Castagnetti S, Hentze MW, Ephrussi A, Gebauer F. (2000)

Control of oskar mRNA translation by Bruno in a novel cell-free system from Drosophila ovaries.

Development 127(5):1063-1068.
Europe PMC

Jiménez G, Guichet A, Ephrussi A, Casanova J. (2000)

Relief of gene repression by torso RTK signaling: role of capicua in Drosophila terminal and dorsoventral patterning.

Genes Dev. 14(2):224-231.
Europe PMC


1998

Gunkel N, Yano T, Markussen FH, Olsen LC, Ephrussi A. (1998)

Localization-dependent translation requires a functional interaction between the 5' and 3' ends of oskar mRNA.

Genes Dev. 12(11):1652-1664. doi: 10.1101/gad.12.11.1652
Europe PMC | doi

Tomancak P, Guichet A, Zavorszky P, Ephrussi A. (1998)

Oocyte polarity depends on regulation of gurken by Vasa.

Development 125(9):1723-1732.
Europe PMC


1997

Glotzer JB, Ephrussi A. (1997)

Analysis of RNA distribution during Drosophila oogenesis using fluorescent in situ hybridization.

In: Richter JD (ed.), A Comparative Methods Approach to the Study of Oocytes and Embryos. Oxford University Press, New York.

Glotzer JB, Saffrich R, Glotzer M, Ephrussi A. (1997)

Cytoplasmic flows localize injected oskar RNA in Drosophila oocytes.

Curr. Biol. 7(5):326-337. doi: 10.1016/s0960-9822(06)00156-4
Europe PMC | doi

Florence B, Guichet A, Ephrussi A, Laughon A. (1997)

Ftz-F1 is a cofactor in Ftz activation of the Drosophila engrailed gene.

Development 124(4):839-847.
Europe PMC

Guichet A, Copeland JW, Erdélyi M, Hlousek D, Závorszky P, Ho J, Brown S, Percival-Smith A, Krause HM, Ephrussi A. (1997)

The nuclear receptor homologue Ftz-F1 and the homeodomain protein Ftz are mutually dependent cofactors.

Nature 385(6616):548-552. doi: 10.1038/385548a0
Europe PMC | doi

Markussen FH, Breitwieser W, Ephrussi A. (1997)

Efficient translation and phosphorylation of Oskar require Oskar protein and the RNA helicase Vasa.

Paper presented at the Cold Spring Harbor Symposium on Quantitative Biology - Pattern Formation During Development, PLAINVIEW, NEW YORK, 1997.Cold Spring Harb. Symp. Quant. Biol. 62:13-17.
Europe PMC


1996

Breitwieser W, Markussen FH, Horstmann H, Ephrussi A. (1996)

Oskar protein interaction with Vasa represents an essential step in polar granule assembly.

Genes Dev. 10(17):2179-2188. doi: 10.1101/gad.10.17.2179
Europe PMC | doi

Glotzer JB, Ephrussi A. (1996)

mRNA localization and the cytoskeleton.

Semin. Cell Dev. Biol. 7(3):357-365.
Europe PMC


1995

Markussen FH, Michon AM, Breitwieser W, Ephrussi A. (1995)

Translational control of oskar generates short OSK, the isoform that induces pole plasma assembly.

Development 121(11):3723-3732.
Europe PMC

Erdélyi M, Michon AM, Guichet A, Glotzer JB, Ephrussi A. (1995)

Requirement for Drosophila cytoplasmic tropomyosin in oskar mRNA localization.

Nature 377(6549):524-527. doi: 10.1038/377524a0
Europe PMC | doi


1994

Lehmann R, Ephrussi A. (1994)

Germ plasm formation and germ cell determination in Drosophila.

Paper presented at the Symposium on Germline Development, LONDON, ENGLAND, JUL 20-22, 1993.Ciba Found. Symp. 182:282-96; discussion 296-300.
Europe PMC


1992

Ephrussi A, Lehmann R. (1992)

Induction of germ cell formation by oskar.

Nature 358(6385):387-392. doi: 10.1038/358387a0
Europe PMC | doi


1991

Ephrussi A, Dickinson LK, Lehmann R. (1991)

Oskar organizes the germ plasm and directs localization of the posterior determinant nanos.

Cell 66(1):37-50. doi: 10.1016/0092-8674(91)90137-n
Europe PMC | doi